Like democracy, the earliest roots of European wine can be traced to Ancient Greece. Paralleling history, Alexander the Great then helped to spread during his campaigns. However, the proliferation of wine in Europe, the culture that we now know can be traced back to the Romans’ embrace of the fruit of the vine. Not only did they build aqueducts throughout their European empire, they built vineyards. Many of those vineyards still exist in high profile regions like Bordeaux and Burgundy.
Old Worlds wines often confuse Americans as they are governed by carefully regulated classifications systems as opposed to grape varietals.