With his work spanning painting, graphic design, photography and advertising, he continues to be widely recognized as one of the founders of the Constructivist movement and the father of modern Russian design. However, Rodchenko soon grew disinterested in the style and, following this, he began to create even more abstract pictures, putting aside entirely the last suggestions of illusion that Dance creates. This poster arguably brought Rodchenko the most fame and appreciation from his patrons in the Soviet government. From 1918 to 1921, while rising to prominence in the new cultural bureaucracy, he pursued a highly innovative program of abstract painting and sculpture. Alexander Rodchenko was a Russian sculptor, graphic designer, artist and photographer, who lived from 1891 until 1956. Every effort has been made to accurately determine the rights status of works and their images. The white circles on black canvas form a powerful juxtaposition liberating the line from any recognizable connotations. Magdalena Dabrowski, Leah Dickerman and Peter Galassi, New York: Museum of Modern Art, and London: Thames & Hudson, 1998, 336 pp. ‘Dance, an objectless composition’ was created in 1915 by Alexander Rodchenko. Photomontage and Gouache on Paper - Private Collection. Alexander Rodchenko left a legacy of poster production, as well as book graphics, illustrating Mayakovsky and Kruchenykh, Khlebnikov and other avant-garde word masters. The exhibition was important in catapulting Rodchenko into the forefront of Russia's avant-garde. Artist page for Aleksandr Rodchenko (1891–1956) Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko (Russian: Алекса́ндр Миха́йлович Ро́дченко; 5 December [O.S. Every plane is a plane and there is to be no representation." Born in Russia in 1891 Rodchenko became an artist and designer of many mediums including painting, photography, sculpture, advertising and packaging. That spirit of rivalry with the older generation of avant-garde painters proved an important creative stimulus for Rodchenko. Here Rodchenko reinterprets the iconic art form of the Western tradition - the triptych - which was traditionally reserved for the representation of religious scenes. A central figure in Russian Constructivism, Alexander Rodchenko rejected the established artistic conventions of self-expression and aesthetics, dedicating himself with revolutionary fervour to bringing art to the masses. He worked as a painter and graphic designer before turning to photomontage and photography. From the ‘AMO automobile plant’ series, 1929 ©Alexander Rodchenko, Modern silver gelatin print from the artist’s negative, Collection of the Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow I affirmed: it's all over. Alexander Rodchenko was a founding member of Russian Constructivism—the avant-garde movement characterized by unembellished abstraction— along with Vladimir Tatlin. His Non-Objective Paintings series would also pave the way for his future contributions to the field of Constructivism. Rodchenko was one of the most versatile constructivist and productivist artists to emerge after the Russian Revolution. Heavily influenced by the upheaval surrounding the Russian revolution of 1917, he was one of the most prolific constructivist artists of the period. He was one of the most influential Russian artist of the past century. Rodchenko was one of the most versatile Constructivist and Productivist artists to emerge after the Russian Revolution. Inspired by his work in illustration and commercial designs, Rodchenko turned to photography in 1924. ALEXANDER MIKHAILOVICH RODCHENKO, CONSTRUCTION NO.95, 1919. Here, he juxtaposes the motif of a woman with a child against the stern geometry of the man-made environment. The position of the camera at a peculiar angle provides for an innovative, yet carefully balanced and flowing composition. Rodchenko, Alexander (1891-1956) - 1929 Sokolniki Park Born in 1891, Rodchenko came into artistic maturity with the Revolution. As a decorator, furniture and theater designer, printer, painter, sculptor, and photographer, he worked with a wide variety of media. From 1908-1910 Rodchenko was a dental technician at Dental School of Dr. Natanson. This is an early example of his work for Russian industry, advertising Red October confectionary. Alexander Rodchenko was a revolutionary artist, both politically and aesthetically. Rodchenko regarded these pictures as his final statement on painting, famously writing, "I reduced painting to its logical conclusion and exhibited three canvases: red, blue and yellow. Compositions such as this were an important influence on New Vision, the modernist photography movement that gripped Europe in the 1920s and '30s. 08-10-2020 - Se opslagstavlen “alexander rodchenko.“, der følges af 220 personer på Pinterest og tilhører S-rosberg. [Internet]. His photography was socially engaged, formally innovative, and oppos… Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. As a decorator, furniture and theater designer, printer, painter, sculptor, and photographer, he worked with a wide variety of media. Russian avant-gardist Alexander Rodchenko gained an international reputation as a pioneering photographer, painter, sculptor and graphic artist in the years after the Russian revolution. That year he also painted a series of black-on-black geometric paintings in response to the famous White on White painting of his rival, Kazimir Malevich. Rigid geometry defines the composition through the juxtaposition of horizontal and vertical lines. Alexander Rodchenko (Russian, 1891–1956) was an influential member of the Russian avant-garde and the founder of the Constructivist movement. Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1915 by Vladimir Tatlin and Alexander Rodchenko. From that point on, photomontage became one of his favored techniques. In this regard, his career is a model of the clash between modern art and radical politics. Rodchenko was powerfully influenced by Kazimir Malevich's Suprematism, and particularly by works such as Black Square (1915), which reduced the components of the painting to a single black square that echoed the shape of the canvas. Aleksandr Rodchenko, eds. Following the Russian Revolution, he was among the multi-talented Productivist and Constructivist artists to surface. Rodchenko attended a lecture by Russian Futurists Wassily Kamensky, David Burliuk, and Vladimir Mayakovsky, in Kazan in 1912, and was immediately converted. Among other things, it advocated the use of machine-made materials such as wire, glass, and sheet metal in the creation of socially useful art for a society in the midst of revolution. This balanced and precise geometric composition underlines Rodchenko's preoccupation with engineering and design that he maintained throughout his career. (English) Rodchenko: Constructing the Future, Barcelona: Caixa Catalunya, 2008, 287 pp.On the occasion of an exhibition curated by Jean-Claude Marcadé and Evgeniya Petrova at La … (22.86 cm x 15.24 cm) Date Acquired 1996 Credit Collection SFMOMA From 1910 … Basic Colors. When Rodchenko abandoned painting in 1921, he also abandoned many of the traditional attitudes of the artist as a commentator on society and began instead to put his talents in the service of the Russian industry and the nascent revolution. The composition is typical of his use of photomontage in the period (the combination of photography and text). Dance is perhaps his most Futurist painting, and it clearly resembles works by Italian Futurists such as Umberto Boccioni and Gino Severini. Working as an artist, sculptor, photographer, and graphic designer, over the course of his career he continued to experiment with new media, push the boundaries of design, and establish new aesthetics. In 1918 Rodchenko presented a solo show in Moscow. Oil on canvas - The Pushkin Museum, Moscow. He abandoned the Art Nouveau styling of some of his earlier work and began to fragment his forms to create dynamic compositions. Best known as a Russian Constructivist artist, in 1921 he co-wrote the Constructivists' manifesto. He was the co-founder of design in Russia and constructivism. Russian Designer, Painter, Photographer, and Sculptor. In 1918, Rodchenko created a Malevich-inspired series of Non-Objective Paintings depicting rounded forms on canvas that conveyed feelings of dynamism, movement, and flight. See more ideas about Russian artists, Alexander rodchenko, Aleksandr rodchenko. Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko was a Russian artist, sculptor, photographer and graphic designer. Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko was a Russian artist, sculptor, photographer and Graphic Designer. While his designs are directed at promoting individual companies or products, they also - often explicitly - endorse the goals of political revolution. This is one of Rodchenko's finest photographs. For the Constructivists, artworks were part of a greater visual program meant to awaken the masses and lead them towards awareness of class divisions, social inequalities, and revolution. He wanted to incorporate his own imagery into the photomontages that he had begun working on the previous year. When The Museum of Modern Art’s first director, Alfred H. Barr, Jr., met Aleksandr Rodchenko on his trip to Moscow in 1927—one of the first times an Anglophone art historian had visited the Soviet Union in the years since the Russian Revolution—he wrote, “Rodchenko showed us an appalling variety of things—Suprematist paintings (preceded by the earliest geometrical things I’ve seen, 1915, done with … His father, named Mikhail Mikhailovich Rodchenko, was a theatre designer. This is the first exhibition of his whole range of production to be seen in Scandinavia and focuses on his innovatory ideas in the fields of painting, sculpture, typography, design, architecture and photography. In 1910, Rodchenko began studies under Nicolai Fechin and Georgii Medvedev at the Kazan Art School, where he met Varvara Stepanova, whom he later married. Oil on canvas - The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow. However, Rodchenko rejected the older man's spiritualism and strove instead to emphasize the material qualities of painting, in particular surface and texture (or "faktura" as the Russians called it). He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design; he was married to the artist Varvara Stepanova. The master’s photographic works, his ideas in creating installations and in designing small architectural forms are very highly valued throughout the world. Online companion.Review: Railing (Art Book 2000). In Constructivism, the role of the artist was re-imagined – the artist became an engineer wielding tools, instead of a painter holding a brush. Alexander Rodchenkowas a founding member of Russian Constructivism—the avant-garde movement characterized by unembellished abstraction— along with Vladimir Tatlin. Aleksandr Mikhailovich Rodchenko (Alexander Rodchenko) was born on December 5, 1891, in St. Petersburg, Russia. Please contact Museum Rights and Reproductions if you have further information on the rights status of a work contrary or in addition to the information in our records. A central figure in Russian Constructivism, Alexander Rodchenko rejected the established artistic conventions of self-expression and aesthetics, dedicating himself with revolutionary fervour to bringing art to the masses. Abstract and austere, constructivist art aimed to reflect modern industrial society and urban space. These monochrome experiments have been a crucial example for later generations of abstract artists, particularly Minimalists. His mother, named Olga Evdokimovna, was a laundress. All Rights Reserved |. The letters themselves are stylized. The movement rejected decorative stylization in favor of the industrial assemblage of materials. Rodchenko is credited as one of the founders of Russian design and constructivism. Rodchenko arrived at compositions such as these by progressively stripping away all that he considered unnecessary in the field of painting; after reducing color to black and emphasizing surface texture, he seized on line as the most important and elemental component of the medium. Oil on canvas - The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gouache on paper - The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Both whimsical and visually arresting, Rodchenko's designs were an important influence on such key artistic laboratories as the Bauhaus in the Weimar Republic. This development may have been influenced by Wassily Kandinsky's ideas, since the two artists were closely associated, though while Kandinsky stressed the expressive possibilities of line, Rodchenko emphasized its possibilities as a tool of construction. Artwork Info Artwork title Pozharnaia lestnitsa, from the series Dom na Miasnitskoi (Fire Escape, from the series Building on Miasnitskaia Street) Artist name Alexander Rodchenko Date created 1925 Classification photograph Medium gelatin silver print Sub-Medium vintage Dimensions 9 in. Here are more facts about him: Facts about Alexander Rodchenko 1: Varvara Stepanova. Find more prominent pieces at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. He was also an art theorist and educator and began teaching at the VKhUTEMAS(Higher State Art-Technical Studios) in Moscow in 1920. Oil on canvas - Alexander Rodchenko and Varvara Stepanova Archive, Moscow. "Alexander Rodchenko Artist Overview and Analysis". Stairs, 1930 ©Alexander Rodchenko, Modern silver gelatin print from the artist’s negative, Collection of the Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow Production of a Truck. And it also reflects the ways in which he updated Russian advertising, using geometric compositions and strident colors to trumpet modernity. ... Art was to serve the Revolution by leading people to see things in new ways. x 6 in. View Alexander Rodchenko’s 1,184 artworks on artnet. Often credited with devising the key principles of modern photography, Rodchenko is praised for his use of unusual angles and perspective. Alexander Rodchenko is perhaps the most important avant-garde artist to have put his art in the service of political revolution. Alexander Rodchenko, Art Director: Vasha znakomaya. Gelatin-silver print - Private Collection, Content compiled and written by Ivan Savvine, Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors. Half a century after his death, the Hayward Gallery in London is showing the … The piece reflects Rodchenko's interest in Malevich throughout these years, but instead of pursuing Malevich's spiritualism, he stressed the physical, material properties of painting - in this case, color. 23 November] 1891 – 3 December 1956) was a Russian artist, sculptor, photographer and Graphic Designer.He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design; he was married to the artist Varvara Stepanova. In this regard, his career is a model of the clash between mo… Arte Futurista Mujeres De Fotografia Fotografía De Retrato Proyectos De … ESTIMATE £2,500,000–3,500,000. This is an early example of his work for Russian industry, advertising Red October confectionary. In this composition, two perfectly drawn circles intersect. After 1914, he continued his artistic training at the Stroganov Institute in Moscow, where he created his first abstract drawings, influenced by the Suprematism of Kazimir Malevich, in 1915. "What happened between 1914 and 1935 has dictated everything that has happened since in any area of design”. This information is published from the Museum's collection database. The Constructivists believed that art had no place in the hermetic space of the artist’s studio. Help us improve our records by sharing your corrections or suggestions. He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design; he was married to the artist Varvara Stepanova. Summary of Alexander Rodchenko Alexander Rodchenko is perhaps the most important avant-garde artist to have put his art in the service of political revolution. He was known for his politically motivated photography, posters, paintings, and sculpture. Alexander Rodchenko 6.3 1999 – 24.4 1999. Se flere idéer til Alexander rodchenko, Futuristisk arkitektur, Kubisme. ©2020 The Art Story Foundation. Sep 14, 2016 - Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko, 5.12.1891 - 3.12.1956 was a Russian artist, sculptor, photographer and graphic designer. Rodchenko was born on 23 November 1891 and passed away on 3 December 1956. This declaration was made by the influential British art director Neville Brody in an interview with Creative Review in 2008. His wife is also an artist. An ardent experimenter, Rodchenko regarded the camera as a highly flexible drawing instrument. His use of foreshortening and non-vertical camera angles became trademark techniques, and he advised aspiring photographers to "take several different photographs of an object, from different places and positions as though looking it over.". Updates and additions stemming from research and imaging activities are ongoing, with new content added each week. Rather, they thought that art should reflect the industrial world and that it should be u… She is Varvara Stepanova. Non-Objective Painting No 80 is typical of this phase in his career and is part of a series of similar "Black on Black" paintings, which were exhibited alongside five white paintings by Malevich in Moscow in 1919. By 1920, Rodchenko no longer felt obliged to imbue his basic geometric figures with distinguishable layers of color. His full name is Alexander Mikhailovich Rodchenko. Alexander Rodchenko Alexander Rodchenko was a revolutionary artist, both politically and aesthetically. When Rodchenko abandoned painting in 1921, he also abandoned many of the traditional attitudes of the artist as a commentator on society and began instead to put his talents in the service of the Russian industry and the nascent revolution. Alexander Rodchenko is regarded as one of the most vibrant and progressive artists to emerge from Russia in the 20th century. 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