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Chapter 7, Ethnicity. In AP® Human Geography, unit 3 covers culture including diffusion, religion, language, race, and ethnicity. In 1500, the region where most people spoke English was a small area on the northwest corner of Europe. Italy. Nation. • Placement of political boundaries without regard to traditional ethnic territories can lead to fissure between ethnic groups who lose or gain territory. It stands as our strongest bulwark for the preservation of local diversity. Includes examples. Where do the cultural values shared w/ other of the same ethnicity come from ? Example: Afghanistan Recognition(Legitimacy) The right and acceptance of an authority, usually a governing law or a régime. � For descendants of European immigrants, how is ethnic identity more likely to be retained? When the British granted independence to the region following WWII, Hindus and Muslims fought over the organization of the newly independent region. A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary doesn’t vary significantly. After the British took over India in the early 1800s, a 3-way struggle began, with the Hindus and Muslims fighting each other as well the British rulers. Indonesia (AP) In which of the following countries has the diffusion of Christianity met the most resistance? What is the clustering of ethnicities within the US a function of? Gandhi, the leading Hindu advocate of nonviolence and reconciliation w/ Muslims, was assassinated in 1948, ending the possibility of creating a single state in which Muslims and Hindus lived together peacefully. ⚡ Watch: AP Human Geography - All About Diffusion. Ethnic boundaries are patterns of social interaction that give rise to, and subse- quently reinforce, in-group members' self-identification and outsiders' confirma- tion of group distinctions (AP) A country in which the majority of the population are Shiite Muslims is. What is self-determination? May imply unity (differences between the two major parts of the nation) and external influence issues. How did colonial boundaries affect ethnicities? Level. A person could be distinct from an American in all three ways. AP ® Human Geography Sample Student Responses and Scoring Commentary Set 2 ... ethnic similarities . B2. What did Britain do with South Asia? � � 0 > t � � � % V � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � Ex: State An area organized into a political unit, ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs. 1. What is apartheid? Mexico. A stateless nation is an ethnic group or nation that does not possess its own state and is not the majority population in any nation state. Here is the AP® Human Geography FRQ from the 2005 Exam with the Scoring Guidelines. Undergraduate 1. Even if globalization takes away language, religion, and other cultural elements, the diversity of ethnic identity will remain. Why have ethnic groups transformed into nationalities? A frontier is a zone where no state exercises complete political control. ... An invisible line that marks the extent of a state's boundary. by kfeeback, Nov. 2016. Where does it derive from? B) it supports diversity in the face of the globalization of culture. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 32 key terms in the APHG study of political geography. The Great Wall of China is an example of which kind of boundary? Example: Japan and Russia have not agreed to the definition of the boundaries surrounding islands north of Japan. LIST OF CONCEPTS & VOCABULARY FROM UNIT 3, Expansion—hierarchical, contagious, stimulus. What is a recent example of ethnic cleansing? � By ethnicity rather than by nationality Ethnic groups have been transformed into nationalities because desire for self-rule is a very important shared attitude for many ethnicities. Eastern Europe included a mixture of empires and states that did not match the distribution of ethnicities. Saudi Arabia. What is an example? In recent t years, Muslims on the Indian side of Kashmir have begun a guerrilla war to secure independence. Geography. Pakistan and India never agreed on the location of the boundary separating the 2 countries in the northern region of Kashmir. This type of dispute is still ... A classic example of devolution is a group demanding … The American nationality identifies citizens of the USA, including those born in the country and those who immigrated and became citizens. Test: AP Human Geography Chapter 7 Multiple Choice 🎓questionEthnicity is important because A) it provides the only stable basis of political states. Who was responsible for diffusing slavery to the Western Hemisphere? Whether the Quebecois form a distinct ethnicity is disputed, because if they are a separate nationality, the Quebec government has a stronger argument to separate from Canada. China. How does nationality tie a group of people? Geographers use maps, from small to large scale--to show the boundaries of these regions. Bozeman Public Schools Social Studies Standards, AP Human Geography Page 5 of 10 Updated January 21, 2010 Example: Students choose an ethnic group from Central Asia and create a declaration of independence for that people based on cultural differences from the host culture. C2. Every citizen is a member of the American nationality and is a member of a race but only some Americans identify with an ethnicity. 3. The following guide will be updated periodically with hyperlinks to excellent resources. Fiveable Community students are already meeting new friends, starting study groups, and sharing tons of opportunities for other high schoolers. &. AP Human Geography Ethnicity Answers Ethnicity is identity with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth. Ethnic Group. ANNOTATE. The study of human political ... ethnicity, etc. Can encourage national integration when Why is ethnicity important to geographers? What cultural trait has become a great source of national unity in India? The Quebecois in Canada are clearly distinct from other Canadians in language, religion, and other cultural traditions. Culturally Defined Shared Culture Not defined ... of a boundary. Subject. type of cultural boundary describe an example. One example is the Berlin Wall, which was built in 1961 by Soviet controlled East Germany to contain the portion of the city that had been given over to America, England, and France to administer. Describe racial tensions in LA in 1992. A relic boundary is one that no longer functions but can still be detected on the cultural landscape. (Adapted from: 2017 AP Human Geography Exam) Time Allotted: 15 minutes (plus 5 minutes to submit) The map shows rates of natural increase in human population. The original partition gave India 2/3 of Kashmir, even though a majority of its ppl were Muslims. For the Free Response section of the AP® Human Geography exam, we have included an example from the 2005 AP® Human Geography Exam. For example, a tree diagram can show how several languages, including French and Spanish, are branches that diverge from a common ancestor, Latin. Shapes of States . Why is conflict widespread in Africa today? Name one of two states where the highest concentrations of Asians are located? However, boundary lines rarely can segregate two ethnicities completely. Further, it is hard to determine whether a particular group forms a distinct tribe or is a part of a larger collection of very similar groups The tribe rather than independent states w/ political and economic self-determination The boundaries of the new states typically matched the colonial administrative units imposed by the Europeans, and most African states contained large #s of ethnicities State that contains more than one ethnicity; Belgium with Dutch-speaking Flemish and the French-Speaking Walloons State that contains two or more ethnic groups w/ traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities; UK The black Christian and animist rebels in the southern provinces vs. the Arab-Muslim dominated government forces in the north; the black southerners have been resisting gov�t attempts to convert the country from a multi-ethnic society to one nationality tied to Muslim traditions Gained independence from UN The world�s only country w/ a Jewish majority, and the Israeli nationality is the only one that combines loyalty to a state w/ Jewish religious traditions A process in which amore powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region Not simply to defeat an enemy or to subjugate them; to rid an area of an entire ethnicity so that the surviving ethnic group can be the sole inhabitants; involve removal of every member of the less powerful race Practiced primarily by Bosnian Serbs against Bosnian Muslims in Bosnia and Herzegovina A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by man ethnicities w/ complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among ethnicities / � � � Total Cards. Ethnic Landscape the green line in Cyprus because it separates the Turkish and Greeks, Yugoslavia, the Murdock Ethnic Map of Africa What are some examples of a language boundary? AP Human Geography. Ethnic enclaves. • Immigration causes cultural change. East Pakistan became Bangladesh. What are examples of a cultural/ethnic or consequent boundary? The term "stateless" implies that the group "should have" such a state (country). Perhaps the most famous of these is the Holocaust in which the Jews were persecuted by the Germans. Name 3 states that are a part of where more than half of all Hispanics in the US? How is ethnicity different from race? AP Human Geography - Political Chapter 8 DRAFT 9th - University grade a group of people who share a common ancestry and cultural tradition, often living as a minority in a larger society. A Relict boundary is one such boundary that is no longer in use today. Example: The United States Sovereignty Control over internal affairs without interference from other states. *ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. 4. a. b. c. CASE STUDY: CYPRUS. *The following outline was adapted from the AP® Human Geography Course Description as published by College Board in 2015 found here. The following summary is from AMSCO AP Human Geography: While some human attributes, such as hair color, are heavily influenced by biological inheritance, most are not. Ethnic strife defeats any attempts at nationalism. As you are reviewing for this unit, focus on the key concepts! Morocco. 2 types: those separated by water, and those separated by other countries. AP Human Geography: Free Response Sample Question April 28, 2020 / in AP Human Geography / by emmacalderwood Once you’re comfortable with the format of the AP Human Geography free response section , as well as strategies that will help you be successful, review this sample free response prompt and response. AP Human Geography: Political Geography Vocab. It stands as our strongest bulwark for the preservation of local diversity. Political Geography and Ethnicity Review (except UN) - AP Human Geography with Rigby at Fossil Ridge High School - StudyBlue . AP Human Geography Vocabulary Apartheid: a legal system that was the physical separation of different races into different geographic areas My definition: separation of people in South Africa based on race Example: There were apartheid laws in South Africa between around 1950 to 1994. What is a distinctive feature of race relations in the US? Improvements in transportation and communication have increased the interaction of cultures throughout history. What are traits that characterize race? 1) Ethnicity is important because A) it promotes peace. Shared identity or sense of identity and/or belonging . 2. 01/10/2011. What is a visible remnant of early 20th century ethnic neighborhoods? Soon the Fiveable Community will be on a totally new platform where you can share, save, and organize your learning links and lead study groups among other students!, 2550 north lake drivesuite 2milwaukee, wi 53211. Following their defeat in WWI, the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires were dismantled, and many European boundaries were redrawn according to the principle of nation-states. What is balkanized? What is ethnic cleansing? What is a multinational state? According to the author, what are the three main reasons why ethnicity is a controversial topic in our culture? Cultural Patterns and Processes (13-17%), You can request the full Ultimate Guide to AP Human Geography. In the late l990s the great majority of these countries were not experiencing religious or ethnic conflict. Environmental impact of cultural attitudes and practices, 4. 9. 13. 2015 - Question 2: English as the world's most important lingua franca, 2009 - Question 2: Religion clusters in the United States, 2007 - Question 1: Extinct and Revived Languages, 2003 - Question 2: Effects of tourism on the Cultural Landscape, 2002 - Question 3: Effect of Religion on the Cultural Landscape. ; Sikh extremists have fought for more control over the Punjab or even complete independence from India Because the present-day boundaries of states were drawn by European colonial powers about a 100 years ago w/o regard for the traditional distribution of ethnicities Several thousand with a common sense of language, religion, social customs Some tribes are divided among more than on modern state, while others have been grouped w/ dissimilar tribes It is difficult to determine the precise # of tribes, because boundaries separating them are not usually defined clearly. Race distinguishes blacks and other persons of color from whites. . 5. STUDY TIP: These are the concepts and vocabulary from unit 3 that most commonly appear on the exam. India blames Pakistan for the unrest and vows to retain its portion of Kashmir; Pakistan argues that Kashmiris on both sides of the border should choose their own future in a vote, confident that the majority Muslim population would break away from India. Give an example of each. You can request the full Ultimate Guide to AP Human Geography here. In general, how people think and act is shaped, formally and informally, by what they learn from other people. ��ࡱ� > �� F H ���� E �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� �� �� �; bjbjR�R� (H 0� 0� �3 �� �� �� � � � I I I I I ] ] ] ] ] i , ] � � � � � � � p p p X Z Z Z Z Z Z k � � Z I p p p p t Z L I I � � � o L L L x R I � I � X L p X L L : � , I I ( ��{K��� ] � � � Variations in Culture: Geographers use maps to show regions and they use various types of charts and diagrams to show relationships among the elements of culture. What happened to Jerusalem in 1948? Egypt. What is an example? A current example can be found between Saudi Arabia and Yemen: Geopolitics: study that analyzes geography, history and social science with reference to international politics. Clustering of restaurants in areas such as Little Italy and Greektown. What is race? In the south side of neighborhoods, unrest broke out. How many ethnicities does Africa contain? Religion combines elements of Islam and Hinduism; resents that they were not given their own independent country when India was partitioned; comprise a majority in the Indian state of Punjab even though they are only 2% of entire pop. Between what groups have there been conflicts in Sudan? What is a nation-state? When people of different cultures meet, they sometimes have conflicts, but they always adjust to each other. Created. This AP Human Geography study guide is going to seek to describe the concept of devolution through ... countries disagree over the superimposed boundaries that split ethnic groups. Brazil. It is usually uninhabited or sparsely inhabited. You should be able to identify each one from a description or image, apply them to examples, and use them in your writing. THE MAP as appropriate. But intrafaith boundaries are still are capable of producing cultural conflict that can threaten the stability of entire countries. Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality; a sense of national consciousness that exalts one nation above all others and emphasizes its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations By supporting a state that preserves and enhances the culture and attitudes of their nationality, By promoting symbols of the nation-state such as flags and songs; Ex: hammer and sickle� burning flag a symbol of protest; nationalism also instilled through a national anthem The sense of unity within a nation-state is sometimes achieved through the creation of negative images of other nation-states; Ex: Travelers in SE Europe during the 70s and 80s found that jokes directed by one nationality against another recurred in the same form throughout the region, with only the target name changed Boundaries of newly independent countries were often drawn to separate two ethnicities. What was most of Western Europe made of around 1900? Uruguay’s status as a buffer state between the dominant South American powers of Brazil and Argentina is just one such historical example.

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