Leaves of the sumac are a green color and arranged in a spiral formation. You can differentiate the species by the fact that the branches of staghorn sumac have a furry texture. Characteristics: This slow growing tree reaches heights of 15 to 30 feet with an equal or greater spread. Anacardiaceae Evergreen sumac grows on dry hillsides and rocky bluffs and slopes of the Edwards Plateau and the Trans-Pecos at elevations of 2000 to 7500 feet. Expect evergreen sumac to grow 8 to 12 feet tall and wide. These stems spread out horizontally over the ground and can root where they come in contac… Photinia serrulata. Join now. Along with its relatives poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) and Pacific poison oak (Toxicodendron diversilobum), Poison sumac (Toxicodendronvernix) is one of the most notorious plants on Earth. A small rounded, spreading shrub which forms a dense thicket of stems. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Sumac Trees are a Small Decorative Tree . Height: 10 to 15 ft. The Comanche Indians mixed its sun-cured leaves with tobacco for smoking, and it was also used as a remedy for asthma. Poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) has leaves somewhat similar to staghorn sumac. Rhus virens Lindh. Type: Shrub. Sumacs are dioecious shrubs and small trees in the family Anacardiaceae that can reach a height of 1–10 m (3.3–32.8 ft). Shaping by pruning may be necessary. Although technically a shrub, it can grow to a tree size. In full sun, evergreen sumac will get large, bushy, and rather round, but if grown in dappled shade, it will have a more open, lithe appearance, getting about 10 feet tall, and potentially just as wide. Flowers Inconspicuous. A bank of Tiger Eyes sumac adds striking contrast to … The cultivar 'Gro-low' is often used as a ground cover as it is lower-growing. Description. Evergreen Sumac (Rhus virens) ... Evergreen sumac can be used to create a hedge or screen, or it can be pruned to favor a single leader to form a straight trunk and tree-like shape. Evergreen sumac grows on dry hillsides and rocky bluffs and slopes of the Edwards Plateau and the Trans-Pecos at elevations of 2000 to 7500 feet. It also grows in Mexico and New Mexico. The glossy, green foliage displays an excellent red fall color and is fragrant when brushed against or leaves are crushed. Leaves are alternate, feather-compound, 12–16 inches long, with 15–23 leaflets; central leaf-stem smooth, lacking wings; leaflets with tip pointed, base rounded, margins coarsely toothed; upper surface dark green, shiny; lower surface lighter to conspicuously white, smooth; broken leaves exude a white sticky sap. Green Spire Euonymus (Euonymus japonicus) (tamu1500/123rf.com) Another dwarf evergreen tree is the Green Spire Euonymus, also known as Japanese Spindle. Spreading or Weeping with a Low Canopy. In full sun it commonly is a large densely foliated shrub with a more or less domal shape. New leaves are pinkish. Click on image for full screen view. Wildlife is attracted to the sumac fruit. It grows to a height of 6 metres (20 feet), with an open, flattened crown and a few stout spreading branches. Gray – evergreen sumac Subordinate Taxa. Note: My Plant This posts are written primarily for gardeners in central Texas. The staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) is a loosely formed shrub or weedy tree of fast growth rate, which means it grows at least 24 inches in a season, sometimes more. The bright green, shiny leaves, often with red-tinged petioles, make this a very attractive ornamental shrub. Help us honor and protect our nation’s Champion Trees. The evergreen sumac usually is multibranched. It can grow anywhere from four to 35 feet in size. Evergreen sumac produces red fuzzy fruit which is relished by birds and small mammals and was once used to make a refreshing drink. Somewhat taller is the staghorn, or velvet, sumac ( R. typhina ), up to 9 metres (29.5 feet), named for the dense or velvety covering on new twigs. Browse stories on our blog, Loose Leaf, and get to know the people and champions that make up the program. We are a 64-year-old tree farm in Tennessee. This tree is recognized not only for its size but also the critical ecosystem services that it provides such a food and shelter for wildlife, its water purification abilities, and its role in absorbing CO2 from our atmosphere and storing carbon in its wood. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Height: Fragrant sumac, our smallest species, ranges from 1½ to 5 feet; staghorn sumac may reach more than 20 feet, and smooth and winged sumac often reach 15 feet. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Rhus virens . Soil: Well Drained. In late summer and fall the creamy white flowers, which smell like honey, attract bees and butterflies. Both species grow well in containers, where they stay much smaller. The plant can reach a height of up to 20 feet tall. Some evergreen sumacs grow into small trees up to about 12 feet high. Spread Sign up for our big tree email list and receive year-round updates on the program. This very ornamental sumac has lustrous, leathery dark green compound leaves which may be tinged with maroon or yellow in cold weather. Rhus lancea Std • Mature Height: 20′ • Mature Width: 15′ • Light Requirements: Full sun • Water Requirements: Deep infrequent water • Fertilizers: Dr. Q’s Tree, Shrub & Vine Food, 16-8-4 Staghorn sumac is native to the eastern parts of Canada and the U.S. By late summer it has beautiful autumn-coloured foliage and the fruit is a brilliant crimson red. A cultivated variety has much-dissected fernlike leaves. Height 10-15 Feet. There are 250 geniuses of Sumac. It is useful as a screen or background for other plants. Light: Full Sun - Partial Shade. This champion Evergreen Sumac of Texas made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2019. It can be pruned up tree-form to reveal its gray, scaly bark or left shrubby and loose. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. Mature Height: 10 to 20 feet Dwarf Height: 3 to 4 feet Zones: 7–9 The chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus) grows to 10 ft. or 20 ft. tall and produces lavender-purple flowers in early or mid-spring.The flowers give off a spicy aroma and the leaves smell faintly of sage. It is a trailing-rooting and colonizing ground cover. The compound leaves of the Evergreen Sumac start out pinkish-green, and turn lustrous dark green shortly after. The ornamental sumacs are used in the landscape because of the graceful form, fall color, and colorful fruits clusters. In part shade its foliage and limbs are less densely packed. The evergreen sumacs are generally tropical and the deciduous sumacs are predominant in the United States. This champion Evergreen Sumac of Texas made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2014. 1220 L Street, NW, Suite 750Washington, DC 20005, American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Evergreen Sumac (Rhus virens), State: TX, © 2020 American Forests. Only female plants produce flowers and berries. The Rhus family encompasses deciduous and evergreen plants. The leaves are notched and grow in slightly taggered pairs until the end, where one leaf will be perpendicular to the rest. Height: Up to 10 feet tall; Sun Exposure: Full sun; 02 of 12. Water Usage: Low. It can attain a height of up to 12 feet tall (3.6 m) and a width of 15 feet. But it has a few characteristics home gardeners resent: It is large (16-feet-tall by 20 feet wide), it sends up sprouts everywhere and (as I well know) a mature staghorn sumac can be easily uprooted in high winds. This little tree is native to temperate and subtropical zones across the world. All Rights Reserved. Sometimes it can be found in a tree form (up to 15'). Last-listed in the RHS Plant Finder in 2016. Nominate a big tree that you think can achieve champion status. Search the American Forests Champion Tree national register. 3. This champion Evergreen Sumac of Texas made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2019. The leaves are usually pinnately compound, though some species have trifoliate or simple leaves.The flowers are in dense panicles or spikes 5–30 cm (2.0–11.8 in) long, each flower very small, greenish, creamy white or red, with five petals. Sumac Tree is a small tree commonly used as a decorative piece in landscapes or gardens. Height: 20 - 30 feet. List of key staghorn tree facts. Usually found on rocky slopes of Southeast Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Mexico, this attractive native tree or large shrub is evergreen except in the coldest winters (below 5 degrees). Longevity 50 to 150 years. Mature trees reach 25 feet in height and produce an airy canopy with interesting branch patterns that require little help from gardeners to be attractive. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. Leaves Trifoliate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen. In the winter the foliage turns maroon, falling off completely in the late winter as it begins to put on new foliage. Although this tree is not deciduous, it does lose a great amount of leaves each year-- … The canopy of this evergreen is very dense when young, thinning somewhat when more mature. Chaste Tree. ex A. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. Rounded or Spreading Shape. The Tiger Eyes Sumac only grows to about 6 feet tall and spreads to a similar distance, making it a superb statement piece in your backyard. It also grows in Mexico and New Mexico. Sumac can be a small tree or a shrub in shape, and likes to grow on dry slopes. It has a moderate growth rate. Width: 20 - 35 feet. Tree Characteristics. But keep in mind that it grows quite slowly, so prepare to be patient or buy a larger plant for immediate impact. Our tree nursery ships to all states and only sells grade A plants. Growing as a shrub or small tree, poison sumac can reach 20 feet in height, although they are usually somewhat smaller. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Flower Flower/foliage Form/fruit. Height is 2 to 5 feet tall and 5 to 10 feet wide. Tennessee Nursery Online- Offering garden plants, shrubs, perennials, ferns, vines, mosses and live stakes at low nursery grower prices. Smooth sumac is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a spreading crown. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are the most common and readily available landscape species. This very ornamental sumac has lustrous, leathery dark green compound leaves which may be tinged with maroon or yellow in cold weather. In shadier sites this plant will be more open and tree-like, and may be pruned to a graceful small tree. They make excellent wildlife shrubs because they provide shelter and food for birds and small mammals. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system. AFRICAN SUMAC, KAREE. A tough, fast-growing groundcover for slopes or banks, and areas with poor, dry soil. In full sun it forms large, dense rounded clumps and takes well to hedging. Name – Rhus typhina Family – Anacardiaceae Type – shrub. Deer are known to browse young plants. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August. Both grow 10 to 15 feet tall with a similar width and have bright red fall colors. Ailanthus, also known as tree-of-heaven or Chinese sumac, is a persistent and aggressive weed throughout much of Europe and North America. Has Evergreen foliage. USDA Hardiness Zone: 4. Ailanthus grows quickly and can reach a height of 2.5 m (8 ft) in its first year; ultimately these trees are 25-30 m (80-100 ft). Evergreen. Flowers in Summer. evergreen sumac Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. Family: Anacardiaceae (cashew or sumac) Other Common Names:Velvet sumac, vinegar tree; Native to: Eastern North America; USDA Zones: 4-8; Height: 15-25'+ tall; Exposure: Full sun to part shade; Other species of sumac trees and shrubs; One of my friends had some staghorn sumac shrubs that were overtaking his garden.
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