sweet potato varieties


This is identified by its elongated shape, deep purple skin, and soft white flesh. The Japanese satsuma-imo is my absolute favorite sweet potato. These orange-fleshed sweet potatoes pack a lot of moisture, and take well to boiling, baking, and making into casseroles. Orleans. Most sweet potatoes are grown for food, with varieties such as Japanese, Garnet, Jewel Beauregard, and Covington all grown to suit different growing areas, light and temperature requirements, and of course, taste! Like the Hannah, Okinawa sweet potatoes are denser than orange varieties. Theresa Arnold. Sweet potato plants with desirable traits are selectively bred to produce new cultivars. Keia is the Deputy Editor of Crop Stories, a food magazine telling the stories of farming in the agricultural South. (Humans metabolize carotene into vitamin A.) Some you’ll want to mash with butter and herbs, while others are better left in chunks, roasted with hearty root vegetables. Post whatever you want, just keep it seriously about eats, seriously. Okinawa sweet potatoes, also known by their Japanese name, beni-imo, have unremarkable off-white or dusty purple skins, but once you slice into them, you're greeted by a rich and vibrant purple flesh rarely seen in nature. They're even more moist than jewels or Beauregards, which makes them great for baking projects; they're our ideal sweet potato for pie, mashed sweet potato casserole, and nice and simple mashed sweet potatoes. If you see a bin simply labeled "sweet potatoes" it's likely you're either buying Beauregards or jewels (we'll get to those in a moment). Yams are any of various tropical species of the genus Dioscorea. To expand our potato knowledge even further, we spoke to Chris Romano, associate global produce coordinator at Whole Foods Market.Romano taught us about five different sweet potato varieties that you can cook and consume in multiple ways: Some are great roasted and others are perfectly crisp when sliced raw and tossed in a salad. If you spend any time in Hawai'i, you'll find these sweet potatoes incorporated into some of the most delicious potato salads around, dressed generously with my favorite condiment: mayonnaise. However, world-wide there are about 6,500 varieties of sweet potatoes including wild accessions and farmer varieties. Adaptation Sweet potatoes are adaptable to different agro ecological zones ranging from 0-2100m above sea level and occasionally are found in altitudes of about 2400m. Purple skin with purple flesh. They remain firm when boiled or fried and have a mild, nutty flavor. “They are your grocery store potatoes,” she says. Just below the chart you will find an invitation to submit any information you know about other popular varieties of sweet potatoes. The orange-fleshed types, typically have a higher sugar and vitamin A and lower dry matter content. Okla. 29 × Orlis [Okla. 29-Parent 10 (see Allgold) × L37 (see Red Gold)], Roots and vines are like yellow Jersey or Orlis; shouldered leaves, USDA ARS; Tropical Agricultural Research Station, International Institute of Tropical Agr. For starters, a sweet potato isn't a potato at all, meaning it's not a member of the Solanum tuberosum potato family from which French fries, mashed potatoes, and latkes are made; their composition of simple sugars and complex starches are quite different. Varieties of Old Fashioned Sweet Potatoes. Many of the sweet potato cultivars below were bred at agricultural experiment stations. These are the crispiest, most flavorful roast potatoes you'll ever make. He’s the author of Flavors of Oakland: A Cookbook in 20 Stories, a book about home cooks and their food cultures. But while most Americans are comfortable with the two or three shades of sweet potato they’re familiar with, they might avoid some of the tastiest varieties for lack of familiarity. You can recognize a garnet sweet potato thanks to its dark orange-red skin, which conceals bright orange flesh. 2 slips per a variety. Varieties of Sweet Potatoes. Developed by Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, this copper skinned potato has a moderately orange flesh, and is consistent in shape. Sweet Potato Mix, 3 Varieties, 6 Slips. I quickly learned that there isn’t a universal cooking method that suits all varieties—there are thousands of sweet potato varietals out there, and knowing what you’re in for in terms of taste and texture for a few of the most common varieties will help set you on the path to sweet, sweet nirvana. The plant is tolerant to soil pox and out-yields all other sweet potatoes. Each … LSU AgCenter, All, All. On the bright side, this means you're highly unlikely to accidentally purchase a yam at your local supermarket. The first table below has a general description of the color of the root's flesh and skin. Keia explained that all three of the popular orange varieties I'd decided to include in this guide were designed first and foremost with production in mind. A guide to common supermarket sweet potato varieties to know and love. Some comments may be held for manual review. Instead, you'll find plenty of sweet potato varieties mislabeled as yams. This chart provides skin colors and flesh colors for over 100 sweet potato varieties. Does not crack. In the first table, the Parentage column briefly explains how the sweet potato cultivar was bred. These varieties have been developed through collaborative resea rch breeding between KARI and International Potato Center (CIP) under the national performance trials. We tried three traditional varieties (traditional at least to those of us raised in the United States and Europe)-Beauregard, Jewel, and Red Garnet-and four non-traditional-Japanese White, White Sweet, Batata, and Okinawa. In the mid-20th century, sweet potato growers in the Southern United States began marketing orange-fleshed sweet potatoes as "yams", in an attempt to differentiate them from pale-fleshed sweet potatoes. One way people compare them is by the size, shape, and color of the roots. At first glance, the exterior of the sweet potato seems to be the same as a normal potato; on closer inspection however, the skin colour and the shape are very different. ).The most common varieties in the U.S. are the Beauregard (the most widely grown cultivar), the jewel, and the garnet (also sometimes known as red yams). Yields 400-500 bushels per acre. Ships in late spring: May through June, to southern-most areas first. Let this not-at-all-exhaustive guide act as a doorway into the vast and incredible world of Ipomoea batatas (that's science for "sweet potatoes"). All the benefits of sous vide cooking, paired with deep, roasty flavors and extra-crispy skin to satisfy a crowd. The confusion comes from an unfortunate attempt to distinguish between varieties of these root veggies hundreds of years ago. Some HTML is OK: link, strong, em. Yellow skin with white flesh. When you require amazing ideas for this recipes, look no better than this list of 20 finest recipes to feed a group. No matter how you cook a sweet potato, it’s important to note that there are numerous varieties with different GIs. Unlike orange sweet potatoes, you don't have to worry about satsuma-imo getting soggy or waterlogged as they cook. Their flesh is slightly stringier and more juicy than some other varieties when cooked, so they're good for mashing and incorporating into baked goods and desserts. Sweet potato requires soils with a ph of 5.6- 6.6. While most sweet potato packer/shippers offer one or two varieties to their commercial customers, Scott Farms offers six varieties, each with its own unique appearance and taste. Though many grocers use the terms "yam" and "sweet potato" interchangeably, the two are far from the same. This tater’s white flesh is sweet, creamy and ideal for soups and stews. Standard hybrid sweet potatoes sold in supermarkets and grown on an industrial scale aren't the only options for … Sweet Potato Varieties New sweet potato variety on the way for Louisiana growers (08/22/18) A sweet potato line with excellent eye appeal and good disease resistance is … Keep in mind that because these sweet potatoes are quite dense, they shouldn't be substituted in recipes that call for orange sweet potatoes, as the baking times and moisture levels won't line up. So to get a little more clarity about the differences between some of the most common orange tubers, I checked in with Keia Mastrianni, a North Carolina–based writer and oral historian. Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. These sweet potatoes don't boast the most complex flavor, but they make up for it with plenty of sweetness. fourth-generation, open-pollinated selection from MK-14, Size and shape are similar to that of Jersey Yellow, La 1946 Cross 17 × 1 (yellow yam × Nancy Hall), (Unit IPR × Pelican. There are very few foods I can’t live without. ).The most common varieties in the U.S. are the Beauregard (the most widely grown cultivar), the jewel, and the garnet (also sometimes known as red yams). Nutritionists in East Africa are promoting the use of yellow fleshed sweet potato varieties to combat wide spread vitamin A deficiency which decreases children's resistance to … Cultivated in 1973. These sweet potatoes are much denser than most of the orange varieties, and starchier, too. Sweet Potato Plant Slips. The dry-fleshed types have a … [1] As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. Sweet potatoes are becoming a research focus in recent years due to their unique nutritional and functional properties. Though they can get watery, jewels and Beauregards are both excellent all-purpose sweet potatoes. Purple – Also known as the Stokes Purple Sweet Potato. There are hundreds of sweet potato varieties that can be divided into five (5) basic types: Orange skin with orange flesh. An agricultural experiment station (AES) is a research center where scientists work to increase the quality and quantity of food production. Crops grown in heavy clay loams produce irregular shaped tubers. Because of their denseness, these sweet potatoes take longer than some other varieties to cook, but the wait is well worth it. Similar to Porto Rico. This is the most common sweet potato variety in American grocery stores, and the one you'll find at pretty much every market. The first table below lists sweet potato cultivars grown for their edible roots; the second table lists cultivars bred as ornamental vines. Can you tell your jewels from your garnets? Roots are a light copper color with moist, reddish-orange flesh. Beauregards will break down slightly when cooked, and when roasted, while they'll still hold their shape, they don't maintain the same chewy bite that other varieties do. Varieties of Sweet Potato Here are some common sweet potato types: Covington – Rosy skin with deep orange flesh. There have been entire years during which I've religiously baked two sweet potatoes every night, eating one piping-hot from the oven, and putting the other in the fridge overnight. I roast them in a scorching-hot oven—though science (and our culinary team) advises against this—until the skin turns to a crinkly leather and the interior is a gooey, steaming mess of bubbling sugars and chewy flesh. Garnet – Deep Red to purple skin with bright orange flesh. Sweet potatoes may be associated with the southern U.S., but they will grow in just about any garden. All the varieties described below are technically sweet potatoes, though they’re often called yams. Speckled purple sweet potatoes are named for their flecked magenta flesh. It is, after all, my favorite fall vegetable. The sweet potato or sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae. [Photograph: Shutterstock] Even once baked, the Okinawa sweet potato retains its stunning purple color. Real yams are native to Asia and Africa, and have scaly brown skin surrounding very starchy white flesh. Similar to Nemagold, USDA ARS; South Carolina AES (Clemson University); Texas Agricultural Station (, seedling of W-99 polycrossed with 29 other parental selections, US Vegetable Laboratory (USDA ARS); South Carolina AES, selected from meristem-tip culture derived clones of Jewel, open pollinated seedling of L7-177 from the Louisiana breeding program, USDA ARS; United States Vegetable Laboratory; South Carolina AES (, (Yellow Yam × Nancy Hall) × (Pelican Processor × Triumph), Puerto Rico AES (Río Piedras, Puerto Rico), Craig Yencho; Ken Pecota; Cindy Pierce (2002), This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 08:14. They’re not nearly as sweet as sweet potatoes and take best to boiling and slow braising. The magazine's most recent issue was exclusively dedicated to sweet potatoes. This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas).Sweet potato was first domesticated in the Americas more than 5,000 years ago. High quality tubers are best produced on fertile, well drained, sandy loams. However, it still has a sweet nutty taste that is common to all types of sweet potato. Sweet potatoes are in the plant family Convolvulaceae (morning glory) Ipomoea batatas potato, Solanaceae (nightshade) S. tuberosum. I love to simply roast then mash these sweet potatoes with butter, but they can also be used to add some heartiness to winter stews and braises. Unlike most other sweet potatoes, this Japanese variety has drier flesh. So in case you've ever been tempted, take care not to substitute a sweet potato for an Idaho willy nilly; in some cases it may work (you can mash cooked sweet potatoes easily), in others it won't (good luck frying them to the same crispy crunch). All sweet potatoes are variations of one species: I. batatas. Sweet potato has remarkable ability to convert solar and soil energies into carbohydrates giving impressive yields under marginal and stress situations having low input requirements and little attention, wide adaptability, flexibility in crop management and non-seasonality make sweet potato a viable crop in all agro ecological zones excluding high elevations.

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